Trademark application

Trademark Application Denial in India

PUBLISHED ON: Aug 06 2023

Trademark Application Denial in India: A Comprehensive Guide to Filing an Appeal

When it comes to intellectual property rights, navigating the trademark application process can often present a maze of complexities. A particularly daunting part of this journey can be facing a trademark application denial. However, with expert guidance from Lawgical India, a leading provider of professional legal services, the process of registering trademarks and dealing with potential obstacles, such as trademark application denials, becomes significantly more manageable.

A Deep Dive Into The Trademark Registration Process in India

The Regulating Bodies and Legal Framework

In India, the intricate legal process of trademark registration is supervised by the Controller General of Patents, Designs, and Trademarks. Furthermore, it's governed by the Trademarks Act of 1999 and the Trademark Rules of 2017, providing a solid framework for registering trademarks in the country.


Initiating The Process of Registering Trademarks

The journey to secure trademark registration begins with the submission of a trademark application to the Trade Marks Registry. This application encapsulates a representation of the prospective trademark, along with an exhaustive list of goods or services pertaining to its use.

Formal and Substantive Examinations

Following the submission of your trademark application, a formal examination is initiated. This stage ensures that the application meets all formal requirements and provides an opportunity for applicants to address any objections that may arise.

Subsequent to this, a substantive examination of the application occurs. This examination verifies the trademark's distinctiveness and checks for possible infringement on any existing registered trademarks.

Final Stages of Registration

Post these examinations, and the trademark is published in the Trademarks Journal, allowing third parties to raise objections, if any. If no objections are raised, the trademark is registered, and a certificate is awarded to the applicant. In India, the trademark registration process can take one to two years, influenced by factors such as application complexity and potential objections during the examination.

Why Is Registering Trademarks Crucial?

The act of registering trademarks is instrumental in protecting intellectual property rights, bolstering brand recognition, and preserving reputation. Registered trademarks grant the owner exclusive rights to use the trademark in connection with the registered goods or services. They also prevent misuse of similar or identical marks, which could cause confusion or potentially tarnish the brand's reputation.

Reasons Behind Trademark Application Denial

Despite your best efforts, you may face a Trademark Application Denial. This can happen because of reasons like a lack of distinctiveness, similarity to an existing mark, or violation of existing laws. The grounds for refusal are comprehensively outlined in Section 9 and Section 11 of the Trade Marks Act, 1999.

Navigating Through Trademark Application Denial: Filing an Appeal

Facing a trademark application denial can be daunting, but it doesn't signify the end of your journey to secure your trademark. Swift action to lodge an appeal is imperative after a denial.

Identifying The Appropriate Authority

The first step is to choose the correct authority for your appeal. The Intellectual Property Appellate Board is the body responsible for handling these appeals.

Obtaining A Copy Of The Decision

Before proceeding with the appeal, it's crucial to obtain a copy of the decision that led to the denial of your application. This provides a basis for building a stronger case for appeal.

Drafting The Appeal

Next, the appeal must be carefully prepared, including a written statement expressing in detail the reasons for the appeal, backed by relevant documentation, and the necessary fee.

Submitting The Appeal

Once the appeal is ready, it can be submitted to the IPAB along with the requisite fees and any necessary documents.

Attending The Hearing

Following the submission of the appeal, a hearing date will be scheduled. Attending this hearing, either personally or through a representative, is vital.

The Final Verdict

After the hearing, the IPAB will rule on the appeal. If the appeal is successful, your trademark application will be granted.

Conclusion: A Successful Appeal Begins with Understanding

Understanding the reasons behind a trademark application denial, the timeline for lodging an appeal, and the procedure itself can significantly improve the odds of a successful appeal. By diligently following the correct procedures and submitting the necessary documentation when filing an appeal, the appellate body stands a stronger chance of hearing your case. Registering trademarks in India is a strategic asset for businesses and individuals looking to protect their intellectual property, and a robust strategy can pave the way to a successful brand in the marketplace.



Q: Why is trademark registration important?

A: Protecting intellectual property rights and maintaining brand awareness and reputation depend on trademark registration. It protects against the unauthorized use of similar or identical marks by granting the owner the only right to use the trademark. In the event of infringement, it also offers legal remedies.

Q: What may cause a trademark application to be rejected?

A: Trademark application denial may be the result of a number of factors, such as a lack of uniqueness, resemblance to an already-existing trademark, a legal infraction, or if the proposed mark is deceptive, offensive, or inimical to public order. 

Q: What happens once a trademark application is turned down?

A: If a trademark application is turned down, it cannot be registered and is therefore not eligible for legal protection.

Q: How can I appeal a Trademark Application Denial?

A: If your trademark application is denied, you can file a request with the Intellectual Property Appellate Board (IPAB). This involves obtaining a copy of the denial decision, preparing an appeal with a written statement of reasons for the appeal and relevant evidence, submitting the appeal with the required fees, attending a hearing, and then awaiting the IPAB's decision.


Leave a comment
Book a quick call and avail free
offers with a business setup.